Turkey has been called "the
cradle of civilization" and by traveling through this historic
land, tourists will discover exactly what is meant by this phrase.
The world's first town, a Neolithic city at Catalhoyuk, dates back
to 6,500 BC From the days of Catalhöyük Up to the present, Turkey
boasts a rich culture that through the centuries has made a lasting
impression on modern civilization. The heir to many centuries of
cultures makes Turkey a paradise of information and cultural wealth.
Hattis, Hittites, Phrygians, Urartians, Lycians, Lydians, lonians,
Persians, Macedonians, Romans, Byzantines, Seljuks, and Ottomins
have all made important contributions to Turkish history, and ancient
sites and ruins scattered throughout the country give proof of each
civilization's unique distinction. Turkey also has a very fascinating
Upon the decline of the Ottoman Empire, a young man named Mustafa
Kemal, who was a soldier by occupation but in character, a great
visionary, took the defeat of World War I and turned it into a shining
victory by liberating Turkey from all foreign invaders. Mustafa
Kemal Ataturk founded the Republic of Turkey on October 29, 1923.
He led his country into peace and stability, with tremendous economic
growth and complete, modernization.
Through decades of change and growth, Turkey still boasts this
success, living by its adopted motto of "Peace at Home, Peace
in the World."